The following argument in amparo of the existence of God was originally presented by Augustine of Hippo in the second book "On the Freedom of the Will", written in 395. The philosopher Gordon H. Clark proposes this argument in 6 steps:
1. The truth exists.
2. The truth is immutable.
3. The truth is eternal.
4. The truth is mental.
5. Truth is superior to the human mind.
6. The truth is God.
"The truth exists."
Clark establishes this point by reminding us that any denial that truth exists refutes itself. If a person claims that the truth does not exist, what he is declaring is that he truly believes that the truth does not exist. Such a statement is self-destructive and, therefore, must be false by necessity. A person who really believes that should shut up and not affirm anything as true.
"The truth is immutable."
Because of the very nature of truth, it is impossible for it to change. What is true today, if it is true, has to remain true tomorrow and always.
"The truth is eternal."
Denying the eternity of truth would be self-contradictory. Suppose I say: "Barack Obama is the current president of the United States of America." In a hundred years it will be said that in 2014, Obama was president of the United States. And even if the world ceased to exist and there was no one to handle that data, the data would remain true.
"The truth is mental".
The existence of truth presupposes the existence of minds. "Without a mind, the truth could not exist. The object of knowledge is a proposition, a meaning, a meaning; it is a thought "(Clark, cited by Ronald Nash in Life's Ultimate Questions, pg 297).
"For Clark, the existence of truth is incompatible with any materialist view of human (beings) … For materialists, thoughts are always the result of bodily changes. This materialism implies that every thought, including logical reasoning, is merely the result of a mechanical need. But the bodily changes can not be false or true. A set of physical movements can not be truer than others. Therefore, if the mind does not exist, there can be no truth; and if there is no truth, materialism can not be true. Similarly, if there is no mind, there can be no such thing as logical reasoning, from which it follows that no materialist has the possibility of providing a valid argument for his position "(Nash, ibid.).
"The truth is superior to the human mind."
What Clark means by this is that, by its very nature, truth can not be subjective and individualistic. The truth, if it is true, must be universal. But the truth is that the truth is immutable, while the human mind is not. Moreover, since the truth is universal, the human mind can not establish itself as a judge of the truth; rather it is the truth that judges our reason. When we say that a person is wrong, we are judging that person's mind rather than judging the truth; in such a case the truth is the parameter that serves us as a standard to evaluate the mind of that person.
"If the truth and the human mind were equal, the truth could not be eternal and immutable since the human mind is finite, mutable, and subject to error. Therefore, truth must transcend human reason; the truth must be superior to any individual human mind as well as to the sum total of all human minds. From this it follows that there must be a higher mind than the human mind in which the truth resides "(Nash, op cit, pg 298).
"The truth is God."
"There must be an ontological basis for the truth. But the basis of truth can not be any perishable or contingent thing. Since the truth is eternal and immutable, it must exist in an eternal and immutable Mind. And since only God possesses such attributes, God must be true … The truths or propositions that can be known are the thoughts of God, the eternal thoughts of God "(Ibid.).Author: Sugel Michelén
He studied for the ministry in 1979. Later he was sent by the Biblical Church of the Lord Jesus Christ (IBSJ), in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, to the city of Puerto Plata, to begin a work there. But at the end of 1983 he was called to be part of the IBSJ pastor corps, where he serves the Lord since then, regularly exposing the Word on Sundays. He is also the author of the blog All Thought Captive.. (tagsToTranslate) articles