Jesus Christ is God. There is nothing in the definition of deity that our Lord lacks. However, we can also affirm with all strength that there is nothing in the definition of humanity that he lacks, except sin. Speaking with precision, although sin is a distinctive feature of fallen man, it is not an element of God's diferente design. Man was created without sin. In that sense, Jesus fills all the requirements that a man needs to be a man, but more like this is described in the first two chapters of the book of Genesis.
God created man with intellect, will and emotions, and each of these aspects is found in the person of Jesus Christ as man. A person with two natures. In other words, the person of Jesus possesses at the same time a divine mind and a human mind, a divine will and a human will, divine emotions and human emotions. This is only a reflection of the fact that man is made in the image of God.
A HUMAN MIND
The key and typical text to talk about this is Matthew 24:36. "But of the day and the hour nobody knows, not even the angels of the heavens, but only my Father." We do not forget all those other texts that affirm and demonstrate the omniscience of the Son of God. Jesus knew the thoughts and intentions of men before they expressed them in words. He saw Nathanael even before meeting him. How is it possible, then, that I did not know such important information about the plan of redemption? The most plausible and adequate response is to recognize that Jesus is a unique person; He is the only God-man of the universe. As God knows all things (John 21:17), but as a man, his mind is limited and finite.
It is very important to understand that in Jesus the two natures do not mix. That is, his deity does not deify his humanity, nor does his humanity humanize his deity. Because he is God, he does not have an infinite human mind (in which case his mind would cease to have human characteristics). His person knows everything and does not know everything at merienda. As God knows everything; as a man, no.
God has no need to learn. Know the past, the present, the future and what could have been. As a man he learned the Scriptures as an ordinary human being, and grew in wisdom (Luke 2:52), something that is impossible to affirm with respect to God. The humanity of Jesus was so human that when men heard him affirm that he was the Messiah, they expressed: "Is not this the son of Joseph?" (Luke 4:22) and "Is not this Jesus, the son of Jesus?" José, whose father and mother we know? How then does this man say, "I came down from heaven?" (John 6:42); and also: "Is not this the carpenter, son of Mary, brother of James, of Joseph, of Judas, and of Simon?" (Mark 6: 3).
The human mind of Jesus is not omniscient, nor is it humanly omnipotent or omnipresent.
"As a man, Christ knew as much of God (or of his own deity) as God was pleased to reveal to him: through the general revelation given in the work of creation and providence, through the special revelation given in the OT Scriptures. and through the prophetic revelation given to him in his capacity as Mediator … The paradox is, of course, that the deity that amazes him is his own. What He came to be is amazed at what was already "(Donald Macleod, From Glory to Golgotha, pp. 18-19).
A HUMAN WILL
He exercised his divine will when he became incarnate. "Behold, I come, O God, to do your will …" (Hebrews 10: 7); "He emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, made like unto men" (Phil 2: 7). But being incarnate, he made the decision to become obedient until death (2: 8).
However, when we see him at the moment of his agony, in Gethsemane, the two wills meet. Humanly speaking he did not want to drink the cup, but said: "But it is not as I want, but as you" (Matthew 26:39). Evidently, the divine will was that he should go to the cross, and that he did in joyful obedience.
What about your emotions? He had common human emotions. He was not a strange being who fled from all social contact. On the contrary, he surrounded himself with a group of weak men whose company he enjoyed (Mark 3:14). He had three men close to him: Peter, James, and John, and of the latter it is said in a particular way that he was the "disciple whom he loved" (John 19:26). The Gospel accounts also show us a Jesus who identified with men with his mercy and compassion (something that Hebrews 2 offers us as a requirement of his intercessory priestly work). He is shown full of joy or full of sorrow, angry with indignation and frustrated with the unbelief around him (Matthew 17:17).
It is precisely because he is a man who could die in our place, our place! He understands us because he is God, but also because he is a man. Is not that more for our encouragement and encouragement? As God knows everything. Know our experiences and how we feel. But he also tells us that he knows him as a man. He was tempted in everything according to our likeness. A great Savior is Jesus the Lord!
Some recommended study materials on this topic: – Systematic Theology (Millard Erickson) – Systematic Theology (Wayne Grudem) – From Glory to Golgotha (Donald Macleod) – Jesus if Lord: Christology Yesterday and Today (Donald Macleod) – The Person of Christ (Donald Macleod) – The Christian Faith (Michael Horton) Posted by Salvador Gómez Dickson in Saturday, June 09, 2012
Author: Salvador Gomez Dickson
Pastor in the Biblical Church of the Lord Jesus Christ in Santo Domingo and professor of the Logos Ministerial Academy.