The psalms present Jesus Christ, as our all in all. The Hebrew title of this book is Praise or Praise Book which indicates that the main content of it revolves around praise, prayer and adoration. The name of Psalms comes from the Greek. We find that the primitive church gave it the name psalters.
The psalms are equivalent to the national hymnbook of Israel. It contains one hundred fifty poems destined to be sung in the cult. The central idea of them is worship or worship. The psalms magnify and offer praise to the Lord, exalt their attributes, their names, their words and their goodness. We see the life of the believer painted in all his experience of joy and sadness, poverty and failures.
The psalms are full of Christ. They describe the entire program of their suffering and death Lk 24:44.
Functions of Christ in the psalms
1. His prophetic function Ps 22:22
2. His priestly function Ps 40: 6,8; 22; 49; 110
3. Its vivo function Salt 2; 21; 45; 72
4. Their suffering Ps 22 and 69
5. His resurrection Ps 16.
Classification of the psalms according to the individual themes of each one.
1. Instruction 1; 19; 39;
2. Praise 8; 29; 93; 100
3. Thanksgiving 30; 65; 103; 107; 116
4. Penance 6; 32; 38; 51; 102; 130; 143
5. Trust 3; 27; 31; 46; 56; 62; 86
6. Turbidity 4; 13; 55; 64; 88
7. Aspiration 42; 63; 80; 84; 137
8. History 78; 105; 106
9. Prophecy (Messianic Psalms) 2; 16; 22; 24; 40; Four. Five; 68; 69; 72; 97; 110; 118
Paternity of the Psalms
David was the main author of the psalms. But there were other authors too. Seventy-three psalms of the one hundred and fifty are attributed to David, fifty are anonymous. The ninety psalm was written by Moses. Two are from Solomon, seventy-two and one hundred and twenty-seven besides this, asaf, the director of the cor or of David, the sons of Korah, and jedutun wrote the rest.
This psalm offers a picture of Calvary. We see the crucifixion represented here more clearly than anywhere else in the old testament. The psalm begins with the exclamation of the Lord in the darkest hour of his life: My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? And it ends with the consummate expression is.
Verses to read and compare.
· Ps 22: ___________ Mat 27:46
· Ps 22: 6,7 _________ Lk 23: 35,36
· Ps 22: 6-8 ________ Mat 27: 39,41,43
· Ps 22: 12,13 ______ Mat 27: 36-44
· Ps 22: 28_________ 1Co 15: 23-24
Psalm 51 is the main penitential psalm written by David. He recounts his repentance of his having sinned by taking Betsabe as his wife. 2Sl 11y12. When Natan, the prophet, was writing the parable that matched his vile deed, David did not try to avoid the issue, but said: I sinned against Jehovah. Natan encouraged him, saying: Jehovah has also remitted your sin 2Sl 12:13.
Division of the book of psalms.
The book of psalms, according to its content, can be divided into five large groups.
1. The man, his blessed condition, his fall and his recovery. Sal 1-41.
In these chapters we find:
· Things that should not be done
· Things that must be done.
· Unprecedented things.
2. Israel Sal 42 -72.
Tell us about your:
· Ruin Salt 42-49.
· Redemption Sal 50-60.
· His redemption Salt 61-62
3. The sanctuary Salt 73-89.
In the psalms of this third section we find mentions of the sanctuary or reference to it, in almost all of them.
4. The earth Salt 90-106.
· Blessing needed Sal 90-94.
· Early Blessing Sal 95-100.
· Blessing enjoyed Sal 101-106.
5. The Word of God Ps 107-150.
All the doctrine contained in these psalms revolves in tone to the word of God. He sent his words and healed us Ps 107: 1. Psalm 119 is the great psalm of the whole book. Exalt the word of God.
BOOKS OF THE PROVERBS.
Blessed is the man who has wisdom and who has intelligence, proverbs 3:13.
Understanding the book of proverbs.
Poetic classified books are not poetic in the sense that they are fantasy or vivo, but only in their form. They do not have much rhyme, but rather a conceptual rhyme expressed in parallelism or rather, repeating the same thought with a different word.
1. In the psalms we find the Christian knee, in the proverb we find the Christian standing.
2. The psalms are for the devotions of the Christian, the proverbs are for the walk of the Christian.
3. The psalms are for the prayer chamber, the proverbs are for the place of work, for the home and the playing field. We find in the proverbs that holiness is something practical. We find references to our duty to God and to our neighbor, the duties of parents and children, and our obligations as citizens.
The Jews resembled proverbs in the outer courtyard of the tempo; Ecclesiastes, to the holy place; Sing of the songs, to the most holy.
The beginning of the book, "the proverbs of Solomon," gives evidence that Solomon was the writer. Solomon was a great king, famous for his wisdom and riches. He composed 3000 proverbs and 1005 songs 1Re 4: 31,32.
Solomon wrote 400 years before the 7 sages of Greece, this indicates that these sages formed their basis in the wisdom of Solomon. Someone has said that they formed an interlaced collection to form a didactic poem around a militar theme, wisdom. Several names are mentioned in the book in relation to their fatherhood:
· Solomon …………… eleven; 25: 1
· The wise ……… 22:17.
· Men of Exequias 25: 1.
· Agur ………. 30: 1
· King Lemuer and his mother 31: 3.
Divisions of the book of proverbs
Proverbs focuses its content on tips for different stages of human life. These tips are full of practical experiences that can be used in daily life. The divisions are the following:
1. Advice for young people ………………… ..pr 1-10.
2. Advice for all men ……… ..pr 11-20
3. Advice for kings and rulers ……… pr 21-31.
Advice for young people Pr 1-10.
Sermons for children
· Become wise 1: 7
· Walk right 2:20
· Directives (ask God for all things: He knows all the ways) 3: 6.
· Let's take care of our steps (each step helps shape the character, let's take safe steps) 4:26.
· Flee from adulation 5: 3
· Black list of God (pride, lies, murder, deception, malignity, betrayal, discord) 6: 17-19.
· The bad woman 7: 15-27.
· Riches8: 11.
· More fun (nothing you should not do is more fun, let's wait until we see what happens) 9:17, 18.
· Silence please (men of many words, are seldom wise) 10:19.
In Proverbs 4: 23-26 we find that the whole body is included:
Save your heart
Remove from you the perversity of the mouth
Your eyes look straight
– see 25
Examine the path of your feet
– see 26
Advice for all men. 11-20.
Messages for men.
· The false economy (a gift is never lost, only what is kept meanly impoverishes) 11:24.
· Fools 13: 5
• The lie (justice and lies are enemies, for the bad man are synonymous) 13: 5.
· Answers that heal (two people should not get angry at the same time) 15: 1.
· Clean sin (the man immersed in evil has to invent cute names for sin) 16: 2.
· To win friends18: 24.
· The 20: 1 drink.
Advice for kings and rulers 21-31.
· Self-control (the one who takes care of your mouth will have a serene soul) 21:23.
· Reputation (let's choose a good name before wealth, name follows wealth ends with death) 22: 1.
· Temperance (wine when red is attractive but calamitous) 23:31.
· Council 24: 6.
· Women (better is the solitude on the terrace than living with a quarrelsome woman in the house) 25:24.
BOOK OF ECCLESIASTS
CONTRAST OF ECCLESIASTS AND PROVERBS.
Ecclesiastes presents Jesus as the end of all living. Jesus is the beginning of everything in proverbs; It is the end of everything in Ecclesiastes.
Wisdom in proverbs is piety. The wisdom in Ecclesiastes is prudence and sagacity.
Ecclesiastes is the autobiography of the soul or the book of experience. Your keyword is vanity. 2:11 This book is a purely human philosophy of life. God has given us in the book of Ecclesiastes the record of all that human thought natural religion has been able to discover concerning the meaning and goal of life. The arguments of the book, therefore, are not the arguments of God, but the story that God makes of the arguments of man. This explains why such passages as: 1:15; 2:24; 3: 3, 4, 8, 11, 19, 20; 8:15 are in open contradiction to the rest of the Bible.
The writer of the book is Solomon. This book constitutes a dramatic autobiography of his experiences and reflections when he was out of communion with God. Solomon may have been wise, but he did not follow his own wisdom. Ecclesiastes focuses its content on its tragic sin of abandoning God and seeking satisfaction in philosophy and science under the sun, that is, based solely on speculation and thought. The message of Ecclesiastes is that, apart from God, life is full of annoyance and disappointment.
The problem facing Solomon was how to find happiness and satisfaction apart from God. 1: 1-3. He sought satisfaction in science 1: 4-11, but he did not get the answer.